Anredera cordifolia is an evergreen Perennial Climber growing to 9 m (29ft) by m (0ft 8in) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. Common Name: Madeira Vine. Anredera cordifolia. Flowering plant. Photograph by: Shepherd, R.C.H.. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. Habit, Anredera cordifolia (Madeira vine, mignonette vine, uala hupe); typical habit, climbing and smothering native vegetation. Ulupalakua.
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Global Invasive Species Database Species profile: Boussingaultia cordifolia Boussingaultia gracilis Boussingaultia pseudobasselloides. Anredera cordifolia, commonly known as Madeira vine is a succulent climbing vine. The combination of fleshy leaves and thick aerial tubers makes this a very heavy vine.
It smothers trees and other vegetation it grows on and can easily can break branches and bring down entire trees on its own. Anredera cordifolia is an evergreen climber that grow from fleshy rhizomes. It has bright green, heart-shaped, shiny leaves. Wart-like tubers are produced on aerial stems and are a key to identifying the plant. It has masses of fragrant, cream flowers. Stems are slender and often have a reddish colour to them.
The leaves are subsessile and can commonly be found with small irregular tubers in their axils. Lamina are broadly ovate.
Racemes can be simple but also show some branching. Pedicels are mm long; bracts 1. The lower bracteoles can be 0. The upper bracteoles are around It can be trained to twine up trellises, fences, or rock walls for decoration or for screening. Anredera cordifolia can reproduce through the proliferation of tubers and also from rhizome fragments that may be broken off.
Although this species has both male and female flowers they rarely reproduce sexually and produce seed. This species often spreads through its own vegetative growth, but can easily be transported by human activities. If fragments end up in waterways, they are easily transported to new locations in this manner Starr et al.
Anredera cordifolia is spread by people in landscaping efforts, both intentionally and unintentionally. The vine escapes from cultivation spreading vegetatively and through pieces of rhizome and stem tubers that separate from the parent plant Star Anredera cordifolia has escaped from cultivation to become a serious pest in many places where it has been planted, including Hawai’i, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and other Pacific Islands Starr et al.
Its aggressive vining nature gives it the potential to smother other desirable plants. Growth rates of stems in warmer and moister regions can exceed 1 metre per week and up to 6 metres in a growing season. Cordifolia is one of the heaviest of problem vines. Its sheer weight is capable of breaking branches off trees, thereby reducing them to poles, potentially causing collapse of the rainforest canopy. Even after 15 years of treatment, aerial tubers of A.
Cordifolia were still held high on dead stems caught in the restored forest canopy in only a few isolated areas of the Brush. Wildy suggests placing a plastic cordidolia below the plant before any manual control is done so that all parts of the plant, especially aerial tubers, can be removed.
Anredera cordifolia in Flora of North America @
All parts of the vine must be removed, including underground tubers and vines climbing up trees to prevent them from resprouting. Haley recommends that after all tubers are physically removed, use a foliar spray of Cordifoloa, Roundup, and Pulse on plants and tubers as soon as green sprouts have two or four leaves on each sprout. Timing of follow spraying is important because if left too long, new underground tubers will form, prolonging successful control. Aerial stems should be cut at both ends and dipped in Roundup Bushcare Although floods bring more A.
Tubers and parts of the plant could be double bagged and thrown away in the trash or piled in one location on site. Precaution could be taken to not spread green waste to uninfected areas.
Countries or multi-country features with anrwdera records for Anredera cordifolia. Informations on Anredera cordifolia has been recorded for the following locations. Click on the name for additional informations.
Details of Anredera cordifolia in information. Management notes for this location. Guidelines for the management of invasive vordifolia plants or potentially invasive alien plants which are intended for import or have been intentionally imported.
EPPO Bulletin 36 3 Biological control options for invasive weeds of New Zealand protected areas. Science for Conservation Austral Ecology 29 5: This paper discusses the impact of species on a section of rainforest in New South Wales and its effects on restorative progress.
This system is designed to determine the relative risk of extinction, and the main purpose of the IUCN Red List is to catalogue and highlight those taxa that are facing a higher risk of global extinction i. The IUCN Red List also includes information on taxa that are categorized as Extinct or Extinct in the Wild; on taxa that cannot be evaluated because of insufficient information i. Regional Pest Management Strategy for Marlborough. National Pest Plant Accord, The National Pest Plant Accord is a cooperative agreement between regional councils and government departments with biosecurity responsibilities.
Ku-ring-gai Flying-fox Reserve, Habitat restoration project, 15 years on. Ecological Management and Restoration 1 1: Discusses impacts species has had on a Reserve in Australia.
Examines chemical and physical control methods and how control has been reached. A comparison of the effects of foliar applications of glyphosate and fluroxypyr on Madeira vine, Anredera cordifolia Ten.
Discussion of foliar chemical sprays and their effectiveness controlling Anredera cordifolia. Madeira vine Anredera cordifolia Summary: Haleakala Field Station, Maui, Hawai i. An in-depth fact sheet covering anrefera aspects of general biology, impacts, management options, and distribution records.
Wild Plants of Malta & Gozo – Plant: Anredera cordifolia (Madeira Vine)
Swaziland s Alien Plants Database. A database of Swaziland s alien plant species. Impact assessment and analysis of sixty-six priority invasive weeds in south-east Queensland.
Discussion of various invasive Australian weeds and their significance. Additions to the Spanish exotic flora. Australian Natural Heritage Trust.
Online Database Anredera cordifolia. An online database that provides taxonomic information, common names, synonyms and geographical jurisdiction of a species. Three adventive phanerogams new to Senegal. General information regarding species, including some distributions and impacts. Anredera cordifolia Madeira vine. Seedling production by Madeira vine Anredera cordifolia.
Discussion of the first evidence suggesting A. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity and Distributions, Diversity Distrib. The following 1 contacts offer information an advice on Anredera cordifolia.